Biotechnological advances have been made primarily in protein engineering, which has provided essential methods for the efficient development of new enzymes due to extensive research.
The role of enzymes in the production of paper
Industrial enzymes are proteins that can help speed up biochemical reactions without consuming the protein. They can be found in our bodies, the environment, and all other living things, as well.
In the bleaching process, Xylanase Enzyme.
In the paper industry, bleaching refers to removing lignin from chemical pulps. Improving the paper’s properties is made easier thanks to this step. A large amount of chlorine and chemicals are needed to bleach kraft pulp.
To reduce downtime, a lipase enzyme is used.
A sticky tree sap known as pitch remains during the mechanical pulping process. This pitch causes many problems during the production of paper because it forms machine deposits and product defects.
Because of the growing market for chlorine-free bleach pulp, alternative methods such as bio bleaching and pitch removal have gained traction in recent years. Xylanases and laccases, two robust biocatalysts, are now being used. As a result, it benefits the industry and helps the environment.